Energy management is a set of principles, knowledge, forms and means of managing energy saving to reduce the cost of the energy resources used.
Using energy management, you can achieve significant energy savings without significant financial losses, and reduce the negative consequences of poor heating systems in buildings.
Energy management can provide:
-       detection of defects, poor performance or failures in energy consumption systems;
-       quick intervention with adverse trends to increased energy consumption;
-       finding and prioritizing recommended updates;
-       more attention to environmental issues and energy use at all levels of the municipality.
The energy manager (EM) deals with the issues of water and energy consumption in certain areas of a municipality, and solves economic issues related to ensuring the effectiveness of the proposed energy saving measures (mainly low-cost and no-cost).
The organization of energy management can begin with one building, and subsequently develop to the entire organization or educational institution.
Energy management is a fairly simple technique; it can often be organized only by common sense.
Energy Management Objects:
-      administrative buildings;
-      residential buildings;
-      hospitals;
-      preschool institutions;
-      schools;
-      buildings of social, cultural and community purpose, etc.
The purpose of this International Standard is to help organizations establish systems and processes to improve energy efficiency, taking into account usage patterns and the amount of energy consumed. The application of this standard will reduce greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental impacts, as well as energy consumption, through a systematic approach to energy management. This standard is applicable to organizations of all types and sizes, regardless of geographic, cultural or social conditions. Successful implementation depends on the commitment of employees at all levels of the organization, and especially on top management.
This International Standard defines the requirements for an energy management system (EMS), following which an organization must develop and implement energy policies, establish goals, objectives and action plans that take into account legal requirements and other information related to meaningful energy use. The EMS allows the organization to achieve the obligations set forth in the policy, take the necessary actions to improve energy efficiency and demonstrate the compliance of the system with the requirements of this international standard. This International Standard is applicable to activities under the control of an organization, and its application can be tailored to the specific requirements of the organization, including the complexity of the system, the degree of documentation, and the necessary resources.
This International Standard is based on the Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle of continuous improvement, and provides for the inclusion of energy management in the organization's daily organizational practice (see Figure 1).

The model of energy management system used in this standard


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